This series of recommendations relate to:
- the aims of history teaching in the 21st century (e.g., training active and responsible citizens, aiming at reconciliation and understanding among people, promoting fundamental values such as tolerance, mutual understanding, preventing crimes against humanity, all related to components of intercultural competence)
- the misuse of history (History teaching must not be an instrument for promoting intolerant and ultra-nationalistic, xenophobic, racist or anti-Semitic ideas.)
- The European dimension in history teaching
- Syllabus content
- Learning methods (including the use of sources, individual and group research, multidisciplinary approach)
- Teaching and remembrance
- Initial and in-service training for history teachers
- Information and communication technologies
Recommendation Rec(2001)15 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on History Teaching in Twenty-First-Century Europe
These are a series of recommendations to promote the teaching of history in the context of intercultural dialogue. The Committee emphasises the function of history teaching in raising awareness of cultural diversity, providing better knowledge regarding the relationship between cultures, developing a multi-perspective approach in the analysis of history, enabling future citizens to think critically and to give their informed consent to “live together” in complex, changing contexts whose developments are often unpredictable or unexpected. The recommendations also relate to the following areas:
- Orientations of reforms to history teaching with a view to its contribution to intercultural development
- History teaching, dialogue and post-conflict situations
- Methods and educational approach
- History books and teaching material
- Media education
- Skills more specifically linked with the learning of the history of others
- Roles, competencies and training of history teachers
- Opening up schools and partnerships
- The international dimension
Recommendation CM/Rec(2011)6 of the Committee of Ministers to Member States on Intercultural Ddialogue and the Image of the Other in History Teaching
The project aimed to promote strategies and approaches to history teaching appropriate for an increasingly diverse society, and to thus promote reconciliation and mutual understanding as well as fundamental values such as tolerance, openness, respect for others, human rights and democracy, thereby also developing intercultural competence. The document summarises the guidelines and proposals put forward to include in the teaching of history in Europe as well as in the training of history teachers.
The Image of the Other in History Teaching
This book is a contribution to the implementation of a methodology based on ‘multiperspectivity’, an essential component of intercultural competence, and allows teachers to present numerous examples of various approaches in their practical teaching as well as different points of view or ideas on the same events in recent European history. The following periods are discussed: “1848 in European history”; “The Balkan wars of 1912-13”; “The search for peace in 1919”; “The end of the Second World War and the beginning of the Cold War in 1945”; and “The events and developments of 1989-90 in central and eastern Europe”.
The book and the CD are available upon payment.
Crossroads of European Histories – Multiple Outlooks on Five Key Moments in the History of Europe
The volume reports on the ten-year co-operation between the Russian Federation and the CoE in the area of history teaching. The chapters relate to the preparation of the standards in history teaching for schools in Russia, the preparation of new history textbooks, and the initial and in-service training of history teachers, the framework of regional and multilateral projects in history teaching. The appendix lists the activities organized in the project.
History Education in Europe: Ten Years of Co-operation between the Russian Federation and the Council of Europe
Six training units with a focus on history teaching from an intercultural perspective, written and piloted by participants and edited Pascale Mompoint-Gaillard are available for interested teachers and teacher trainers to try out and adapt.
Pestalozzi Programme Taining Units in History Teaching
Five training units written and piloted by participants and edited by Piotr Trojanski and Richard Harris on education for the prevention of crimes against humanity are available for interested teachers and teacher trainers to try out and adapt.
Pestalozzi Programme Training Units in Education for the Prevention of Crimes against Humanity