Violence is a serious issue in the lives of many young people, and various types of violence inflict crushing damage on their well-being, integrity and life possibilities. In Europe today, many young people are active in placing violence prevention at the heart of human rights advocacy. This book discusses and presents policy recommendations that can support the work of young people, public authorities and non-governmental organisations in violence prevention and in dealing with the consequences of violence. While these recommendations partially emerge from the experiences of young people as victims and perpetrators of multiple forms of violence, they emphasise the key role that young people can and do play as protagonists of violence prevention. This study is based on a Europe-wide synthesis of experience, research and practice accumulated within the Council of Europe’s youth sector and in particular its activities in human rights education.
In this recommendation, the committee of ministers calls on member states’ governments to honour their international obligations and to have due regard to their specific national, regional and local structures and respective responsibilities so as to integrate and implement the actions set out in the Council of Europe Policy guidelines on integrated national strategies for the protection of children from violence; to promote the implementation and application of such guidelines with all relevant stakeholders; ensure dissemination of the recommendation through awareness-raising campaigns and co-operation with civil society, independent children’s rights institutions, the media, the private sector, children and families; co-operate with the Council of Europe in developing, implementing and monitoring the national strategies; and to co-operate with and support the United Nations Special Representative to the Secretary General on Violence against Children.
This recommendation focuses on the essential nature of families and of the parental role and urges governments of member states to create the necessary conditions for positive parenting in the best interests of the child and to take all appropriate legislative, administrative, financial and other measures adhering to the principles as outlined in the document.
The European Commission against Racism and Intolerance provides a series of recommendations on combating racism and racial discrimination in and through school education to governments of member states. These recommendations fall under four main categories: ensuring compulsory, free and quality education for all; combating racism and racial discrimination at school; training the entire teaching staff to work in a multicultural environment; and providing for all the policies identified to receive the necessary financial resources and that these are regularly monitored and adjusted when necessary.
This recommendations sets out a list of basic principles, specific rights of children living in residential institutions and guidelines and quality standards in view of protecting the rights of children living in residential institutions, irrespective of the reasons for and the nature of the placement. It advocates that the placement of a child should remain the exception and that the placement must guarantee full enjoyment of the child’s fundamental rights.
This publication is an important element of the Council of Europe’s recent work in the field of positive parenting leading up to the Committee of Ministers’ Recommendation Rec (2006)19 on policy to support positive parenting. The authors review and analyse the major changes affecting parenting in Europe, arising from legal situations, research and practice. This work addresses the core issues related to positive parenting and non-violent upbringing, with particular emphasis on parents’ entitlement to support from the state in carrying out their parental tasks. Five themes are focused upon:
- the legal situation and the results of research: what it means to be a parent according to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Council of Europe and new scientific knowledge;
- current thinking on the use of violence and corporal punishment against children;
- responses to family policy, especially in terms of support programmes and services for parenting and families;
- the particular problems and needs of parents and children in situations of social exclusion; and
- the relationship between parenting and drug-related behaviour among children and teenagers.
The book also includes the text of the Recommendation Rec (2006)19, “Keys for parents” and “Guidelines for professionals”.
Views on Positive Parenting and Non-violent Upbringing presents the results of a two-day consultation with children and parents from 19 countries.
“How would you define positive parenting? What is negative parenting? How does smacking make children feel? What does it teach them? What are alternatives to smacking? These are some of the questions that children and parents addressed on this occasion.